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China Travel Guide : China  Tours & Travel Services : Hotels Best Deals & Discounts : Low Cost Flights : Affordable Travel & Holidays Packages

Tours & Travel Services : Hotels Best Deals & Discounts : Low Cost Flights : Affordable Travel & Holidays Packages - See more at: http://www.summit-tours.net/summit-tours.net/africa/kenya-hotels-flights-and-travel-packages#sthash.oENwBbsU.dpuf
Tours & Travel Services : Hotels Best Deals & Discounts : Low Cost Flights : Affordable Travel & Holidays Packages - See more at: http://www.summit-tours.net/summit-tours.net/africa/kenya-hotels-flights-and-travel-packages#sthash.oENwBbsU.dpuf

China , officially known as the People's Republic of China - is a vast country in Eastern Asia with the world's largest population. With coasts on the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, in total it borders 14 nations. It borders Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam to the south; Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan to the west; Russia and Mongolia to the north and North Korea to the east. This number is equalled only by China's vast neighbour, Russia. China's attractions are endless and you will never run out of things to see. Especially near the coastal areas, if you run out of things to see in one city, the next one is usually just a short train ride away. Whether you are a history buff, a nature lover or someone who just wants to relax on a nice beach, China has it all from the majestic Forbidden City in Beijing, to the breathtaking scenery of Jiuzhaigou. Even if you live in China for many years, you'll find that there's always something new to discover in another part of the country.

Karst Scenery : The gumdrop mountains and steeply sloping forested hills with bizarre rock formations favored by traditional Chinese artists are not creative fantasy. In fact, much of southern and southwestern China is covered in strangely eroded rock formations known as Karst. Karst is type of limestone formation named after an area in Slovenia. As limestone layers erode, the denser rock or pockets of different stone resist erosion forming peaks. Caves hollow out beneath the mountains which can collapse forming sinkholes and channels leading to underground rivers. At its most unusual Karst erodes to form mazes of pinnacles, arches and passageways. The most famous example can be found in the Stone Forest (石林 Shílín) near Kunming in Yunnan. Some of the most famous tourist areas in China feature spectacular karst landscapes — Wu Yi Mountain in Fujian, Guilin and Yangshuo in Guangxi, and much of central and western Guizhou province.

Sacred sites : Several sites in China have famous Buddhist art:
Yungang Grottoes in Shanxi Province - more than 51,000 Buddhist carvings, dating back 1,500 years, in the recesses and caves of the Yangang Valley mountainsides
Mogao Caves in Gansu province - art and manuscripts dating back to the 4th century
Dazu Rock Carvings near Chongqing - dating from the 7-13th century
Longmen Grottoes near Luoyang - 5-10th century

Mountains : China is home to many sacred mountains. The Five Great Mountains (五岳 wǔyuè), associated with Taoism:
Mount Tai (泰山), Shandong Province (1,545 meters)
Mount Hua (华山), Shaanxi Province (1,997 meters)
Mount Heng (Hunan) (衡山), Hunan Province (1,290 meters)
Mount Heng (Shanxi) (恒山), Shanxi Province (2,017 meters)
Mount Song (嵩山), Henan Province, where the famous Shaolin Temple (少林寺) is located (1,494 meters)

The Four Sacred Mountains (四大佛教名山 sìdà fójiào míngshān), associated with Buddhism:
Mount Emei (峨嵋山), Sichuan Province (3,099 meters)
Mount Jiuhua (九华山), Anhui Province (1,342 meters)
Mount Putuo (普陀山), Zhejiang Province (297 meters, an island)
Mount Wutai (五台山), Shanxi Province (3,058 meters)

The three main sacred mountains of Tibetan Buddhism:
Mount Kailash, Tibet (5,656 meters), also known as Gang Rinpoche in Tibetan, also one of Hinduism's holiest mountains visited by many Hindu pilgrims
Kawa Karpo
Amnye Machen

There are also several other well-known mountains. In China, many mountains have temples, even if they are not especially sacred sites:
Mount Qingcheng (青城山), Sichuan Province
Mount Longhu (龙虎山), Jiangxi Province
Mount Lao (崂山), Shandong Province
Mount Wuyi (武夷山), Fujian Province, a major tourist/scenic site with many tea plantations
Mount Everest, straddling the border between Nepal and Tibet, world's highest mountain
Mount Huang (黄山) (Yellow Mountain), in Anhui province, with scenery and temples
Mount Wudang (武当山), near Danjiangkou in Hubei, Taoist mecca, birthplace of taichi and Wudang kung fu
Changbaishan/Paektusan (Chinese:长白山 Korean:백두산), the most sacred mountain in the world to both ethnic Manchus and Koreans, located on the border with North Korea

Revolutionary Pilgrimage Sites
Shaoshan (韶山) - First CCP Chairman and Chinese leader Mao Zedong's hometown
Jinggangshan (井冈山) - The first CCP rural base area after the 1927 crackdown by the KMT
Ruijin (瑞金) - Seat of the China Soviet Republic from 1929 to 1934
Zunyi (遵义) - Site of the Zunyi Conference where Mao Zedong joined the Politburo Standing Committee
Luding (泸定) - Site of a famous forced crossing of a high mountain river
Yan'an (延安) - Primary base area for the Communist Party from 1935 to 1945
Wuhan - Site of the Wuchang Uprising that led to the fall of the Qing Dynasty and the establishment of the Republic of China

Cities & Main Attractions :

China has many large and famous cities. Below is a list of the nine most important to travelers in mainland China. Other cities are listed under their specific regional section. See the Dynasties and capitals section for a detailed list of China's many previous capitals.


Beijing (北京) — the capital, cultural center, and host of the 2008 Olympics
Guangzhou (广州) — one of the most prosperous and liberal cities in the south, near Hong Kong
Guilin (桂林) — popular destination for both Chinese and foreign tourists with sensational mountain and river scenery
Hangzhou (杭州) — famously beautiful city and major center for the silk industry
Kunming (昆明) — capital of Yunnan and gateway to a rainbow of ethnic minority areas
Nanjing (南京) — a renowned historical and cultural city with many historic sites
Shanghai (上海) — famous for its riverside cityscape, China's largest city is a major commercial center with many shopping opportunities
Suzhou (苏州) — "Venice of the East," an ancient city famous for canals and gardens just west of Shanghai
Xi'an (西安) — the oldest city and ancient capital of China, home to ten dynasties including the Han and the Tang, terminus of the ancient Silk Road, and home of the terracotta warriors

You can travel to many of these cities using the new fast trains. In particular, the Hangzhou - Shanghai - Suzhou - Nanjing line is a convenient way to see these historic areas.

Other destinations : Some of the most famous tourist attractions in China are:
Great Wall of China (万里长城) — longer than 8,000 km, this ancient wall is the most iconic landmark of China
Hainan (海南) — a tropical paradise island undergoing heavy tourist-oriented development
Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve — known as the habitat of giant pandas and for its many multi-level waterfalls and colorful lakes
Leshan — most famous for its huge riverside cliff-carving of Buddha and nearby Mount Emei
Mount Everest — straddling the border between Nepal and Tibet, this is the world's highest mountain
Mount Tai (泰山 Tài Shān) — one of the five Daoist sacred mountains in China, and because of its history the most climbed mountain in China
Tibet (西藏) — with a majority of Tibetan Buddhists and traditional Tibetan culture, it feels like an entirely different world
Turpan — in the Islamic area of Xinjiang, this area is known for its grapes, harsh climate and Uighur culture
Yungang Grottoes — these mountain-side caves and recesses number more than 50 in all and are filled with 51,000 Buddhist statues

*** China Flights & International Airports : The main international gateways to mainland China are Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou. Almost every sizable city will have an international airport . China is a huge country, so unless you enjoy spending a couple of days on the train or on the road getting from one area to another, you should definitely consider domestic flights. China has many domestic flights connecting all the major cities and tourist destinations. Airlines include the three international carriers: Air China, China Southern, and China Eastern, as well as regional ones including Hainan Airlines, Shenzhen Airlines, Sichuan Airlines and Shanghai Airlines.

Summit Tours offers travellers intrested in China plenty of  travel options and Travel Services Including Holidays Packages , wide range of Best Hotels offers and discountsReturn Flights to and fromBeijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou Airports  . Our Holidays Pakages Include China Culture & Classic Tours  - China Christmas & New Year Tours - China Pilgrimage Sites Tours - China Holidays Packages  .
 

 
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See Also  :  Beijing Tours  -  China Tours -   Asia Video Tour  -  China : Cultural Heritage, Ancient & Historical Sites  


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